How do children live in Africa?
Childhood in Africa is not colorful and carefree. From an early age, children help with household chores, take care of younger siblings, bring water from a well or other reservoir. The most difficult situation is for children in villages and slums. It is here that they have to take care of themselves and are often used as cheap labor or the burden of supporting the family. Then they go out to the street to sell plastic, collect garbage, beg or help out in the field. If the parents care for their children and have the resources, they send their children to school. They usually have to pay tuition fees, because in many countries there is no free education or you have to provide all children with a layette, from shoes and uniform to notebooks and a pen. For many families, this is an unbearable cost. Sometimes the children help at home in the morning, then run to school, and continue to help at home when they come back. They don’t have time to study. There is no light and running water in the houses. They can only study until 18-19 hours when it is still light, but then they are busy working at home or in the fields.
Childhood taken away
African children not only help at home, but are also forced to work, conscripted into the army, and kicked out of their homes. According to the data, more than one in five children in sub-Saharan Africa work in quarries, industry and mining. As many as 59 million children aged 5 to 17 work in dangerous places. They are exhausted and used up. Children’s cheap labor is used in the production of tobacco and coffee, the cultivation of cotton, sugar cane and bananas, and gold mining. Another problem is the recruitment or kidnapping of children to the army. It is a common practice in Chad. Young people deprived of education and food report to the army themselves, because they have a minimum subsistence level there. Unfortunately, when they are injured, no one helps them. They are abandoned. In South Sudan, as of December 2013, up to 16,000 soldiers were incorporated into the armed forces. children. In the Central African Republic, even 8-year-old children were used during the fighting. Many of them were kidnapped and forced to fight by force. They are used as messengers, spies, porters or human shields. Girls are used as sex slaves.
The forms of aid in Africa are very different. Many people support children in their education and development through the Heart Adoption program. It really changes their reality and their future may be better. Building and maintaining wells is also a priority, as people do not have access to clean water, improving access to health care and actively involving residents in the changes.
One of the most common and well-known diseases in Africa is malaria, which is transmitted by mosquitoes. It is treatable, but too many people die of it due to poor access to health care and malnutrition. In 2018, 228 million people fell ill with malaria, and as many as 405,000. died. Most of the cases took place in sub-Saharan Africa. More than half were in Uganda, Côte d’Ivoire, DR Congo, Mozambique, Niger and Nigeria.
Other diseases that African people struggle with are HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and measles. As many as 25.6 million people in sub-Saharan Africa are HIV positive. In addition, 2.6 million Africans suffer from tuberculosis each year, claiming 630,000 people. fatalities. In some countries, such as Ethiopia, rabies is a problem. A large number of stray dogs bite the inhabitants, and access to vaccinations is very limited. It is because of a weak healthcare system that many people die of diseases that should be treated. There is a lack of hospitals, clinics, equipment and doctors. On average, there is one doctor in Africa for 5,000. residents. Humanitarian aid to Africa is very important, especially during natural disasters and military operations.
Aid to Africa
As part of our assistance, we support the outpost in Makululu, Zambia and Port-Berge, Madagascar. The collection for African children is conducted on our website and Facebook. African children need our support. We help street boys in Kabwe and the poorest people in Port-Berge.